The rose is officially the most popular and most bought flower in the world. Grown on every continent, throughout the year, the rose comes in a variety of pretty colours and with its soft and elegant petals and sweet fragrance, it is considered the most romantic flower. No other flower can beat the popularity of the rose. Even though many people nowadays claim that the rose is the most boring flower and a real cliché, florists and gardeners make fortune out of it.
Growing roses is a profitable business idea. They do require good care and maintenance but the efforts are really worth it. Looking after rose bushes outdoors or growing roses in pots indoors is a great way to have a constant supply of this pretty flower and even sell it for a profit. If you are a beginner in gardening, here is more information on the specific things you need to consider.
You can choose between three major types of shrub roses to grow, categorized in terms of where and how they grow:
Keep reading below to find out the which are the names of each ot these three categories of shrub roses.
The small shrubs are divided into three popular types that are great for beginners.
The Darcey Bussell is a short, medium sized and bushy plant that likes heat, so you can grow it easily if you live in a warm country or in a pot at home. It has e retro appearance and a medium fragrance. It does bloom during summer in the UK, regardless of the cold weather. Try potting the shrub in early May.
The Charlotte is a bushy English rose, one that is fragrant and pretty. It has around 100 petals and is very beautiful looking when blooming. Bloom in late spring up to frosty weather days. It has a midemium to strong fragrance and was developed by David Ausitn in the 1960s. Disease free.
The Sophy's Rose is free flowering and has bright red petals. It is the perfect romantic rose to give to your significant other on Valentine’s Day. Has around 80 petals of the fruit flower and blooms when in sunlight in late spring.
When it comes to the large shrubs, you can choose between three more types, who are amongst the bigger rose shrubs in England. Read below to find out which are they and their specific characteristics. All large shrubs are to be grown in gardens.
The Golden celebration rose produces many large blooms that are fragrant. Their colors are golden and the flower is being used for 50th Golden wedding anniversary celebrations. Blooms in the UK between July and up to September.
The Eglantyne has soft, large, pink flowers and a sweet scent; it is easy to grow and look after which makes it the perfect garden rose plant. The flower is named after Eglantyne Jebb, social reformator founder of “Save the Children” fund after the First World War.
The Mary Rose is a superbly beautiful bushy shrub which develops well if you take good care of it. Blooming the same as the other shrubs - July up to cold September. The Mary Rose has big, beautiful petals and a strong fragrance.
In terms of the climbing roses, you can pick between the Aloha and the Crown Princess Margareta rose. They are suitable for every garden, where you would wish to add some colors to your back yard or place of relaxation and peace.
The Aloha rose has pink flowers, it is hardy and it’s a short climber, thus appropriate for short walls or fences. It is free flowering and reaches up to 8 ft. It has quite a strong scent which might disturb some people if it’s placed in a smaller room where there’s not much ventilation. Also disease resistant. Blooms only through Spring up to late Summer.
The Crown Princess Margareta Climbing rose, on the other hand, has large and neatly formed flowers in a soft apricot colour. The fragrance of the flowers is quite strong and as a climber it grows up to 11 ft. It is a great choice for arches, walls, trellis and rose pillars. Blooms between Spring and up to late September, depending on temperature differences.
Plant them either in July or early spring, depending on the type of climate in your area. Roses love sun exposure for at least six hours a day and shrubs should be planted where they can consume a lot of sunlight during noon or the day.
When making your first steps into rose growing, you need to make sure that you have the right soil for them. It needs to be well-drained with a pH about 5.5-7.0. The ideal soil for growing roses has 50% of organic material and 50% of material such as silt and soil (inorganic). With just a little help, roses are quite adaptable plants. If the soil in your garden is rich in compost and other organic material, you won’t need to feed the plants, but if it’s not then make sure you get a good fertilizer and follow the instructions on its packaging. Try not to over fertilize the plants and feed them once or twice each season with a slow-release flowering food.
Most roses do not like overly wet soil, but keep in mind that they need the soil to always be a little moist, but not over-watered. Water 3 times a week and in the morning, prior to The Sun starting to shine and perish the water. Every shrub has its different qualities and water requirements, but all share the need of not overly watering them.
Pruning roses would be appropriate before the blooming season begins or after the blooming season ends. This means pruning in late March or April or late October. You can also think of it as pruning in early Spring and pruning in late Fall.
Why is pruning necessary? It is of great importance to cut out dead growing stems or ones having any diseases. Dead growth can act as parasites and consume proper flower food, without growing. Deceased growths can also eat out the proper flower food and keep infecting the healthy parts of the rose shrub. Keep it simple, while pruning:
Cut out dead growths - all that are NOT green are healthy and alive having white core in the middle of the stem;
Cut out growth infected by disease;
Remove old leaves (last year growths);
Remove thin growths, if they are dominating the rose shrub;
Prune stems that have reached higher length than what is usual for the specific rose shrub;
Clean the shrub core of any unwanted plants around it and leave growths that are healthy and that help your rose shrub to grow;
Buy no more than 3 types of special fertilizers and flower nutrients. Fertilize your growing shrub roses once a month. Do not forget to ask which fertilizers to get accroding to the type of shrub you buy. Some types of shrubs do not require that much food, but until you see what kind of soil you have and how your roses grow and react upon it, do not forget to give flower food;
Simply put it in or over the flower ground the way it has it written in the back.
Buy pest and viruse/disease killing sprays and spray them once a month. If you buy shrub rose resistant species you might not have a problem with them. Ask in the flower shop, if the type shrub rose that has been bred is pet and disease resistant. Then buy some!
If not, do not worry! There are 3 main types of bad "carma" pests or diseases your rose shrubs can get:
In general, if fertilizing your soil, then you are not supposed to have problems while growin your shrub roses. Keep you garden clean and get rid of dead leaves and other growths
There are 3 types to use in which you can protect your bulbs during winter. Plant bed sheets, cover some of them with organic composts or mulch, buy tube heaters. Alaways mix and match 2 our of these 3 options to have better results. Never miss to buy and cover your shrub roses' bulbs with mulch.
Interesting fact is that you can use dead leaves as mulch for some time.
Growing and pruning roses in your garden, terrace or home is possible and not that hard to do. Most important is to buy proper flower food and prune when needed, prior to every blooming season. Roses are the preferred flower in the whole World, why not in your home, too? They can bring a sophisticated and romantic feel to every environment whether artsy, contemporary or vintage looking.
Yes, some shrub roses do not require much fertilization and are mixed to be pest and disease resistant.
Shrub roses can climb or grow much bigger than the usual bush roses, which most people know when seeing a rose.
Depending on how big the shrubs will grow, most likely you should plant the bulbs 25'' - 30'' inches apart, so they have enough space to grow freely.